There are many templates in use in RuneScape Players Wiki; these are only a subset, representing some of the most important and commonly used ones. If you feel that a template belongs on this page, do not hesitate to add it.

  • Category:Templates should cover all templates in the wiki, categorized into the various subcategories.
  • The Template namespace (found from Special:Allpages) always has all templates in the wiki, sorted alphanumerically.


What are templates?

Wiki templates provide a means to insert the same content over and over in different (or the same) pages. This saves editors the hassle of duplicating the same text again and again, and also helps ensure consistency.

Templates are generally shown with the format required to use the template (e.g. {{stub}}). Clicking the template name takes you to the template's page, where you can see what it looks like and how it is used.

Detailed instructions on the usage of each template should exist on a subpage using {{documentation}}.

For more information on templates, see Help:Templates.

Formatting templates

See also: Category:Formatting templates

The following templates are used to display certain text.

Template Generates Template Generates Template Generates Template Generates
{{!}} | {{!!}} || {{!(}} [ {{!)}} |}
{{!-}} |- {{(}} { {{(!}} {| {{((}} {{
{{(((}} {{{ {{)}} } {{)!}} ] {{))}} }}
{{)))}} }}} {{*}} {{-!}}  | {{--}}  —
{{=}} =

The remaining templates can be used to change the layout of a page.

Template Description Template Description
{{Border-radius}} Shortcut for producing rounded corners {{Clear}} Used when text needs to be moved below, e.g., an image or an infobox (see also: {{Clear left}} and {{Clear right}})
{{Divbox}} Used to create a coloured text background {{Heading}} Produces a customisable heading (see also: {{HeadingA}}, {{HeadingB}}, {{HeadingC}}, {{HeadingD}}, and {{HeadingE}})
{{Nosubst}} Used in signatures and other templates to circumvent substituting the template {{Quote}} Adds a block quotation to an article
{{Cquote}} Adds a centered pull quotation to an article {{ToC}} Modifies the table of contents on a page (see also: {{ToC right}})
{{Hidden}} Used to collapse chosen text {{Box1 start}} Creates a blue box, as the first part of a two column box
{{Box2 start}} Creates a purple box, as the second part of a two column box. {{Boxes end}} Ends a box, and is the last part of a two column box
{{Col-begin}} Starts a column as part of a two-column template {{Col-break}} See Template:Col-break/doc
{{Col-end}} Ends a multi-column table {{Scroll box}} See Template:Scroll box/doc
{{Vchart}} Used to display a column chart with a minimum of two columns {{Colour}} Used to change the colour of text
{{CSS3}} Makes it possible to make certain CSS3 styles that need a prefix like -webkit- or -moz- easy to use, and it is easy to make available for all browsers that support the CSS3 style {{Edit}} Creates a clickable edit link for a given page
{{Talk create}} Used to create a link to start a new discussion {{T}} Produces a template link with a variable number of example parameters, which can be used to show example inputs (see also:{{T/piece}})
{{Space}} Can be used to insert spaces at the start or end of an if statement {{Outdent}} Used for outdenting a reply on a talk page when it gets too deep
{{subst:RfA}} Used to start a request for adminship {{subst:RfB}} Used to start a request for bureaucrat tools

Article namespace templates

See also: Category:Main namespace templates
Template Description
{{Current event}}
{{Disambig}}
{{Featured article delistment nomination}}
This article has been nominated to be delisted of its featured article status. You can participate in the discussion here.

In order to request this article be delisted:

  1. Preloaded featured article delistment discussion
  2. Add {{RuneScape Players Wiki:Featured articles/RuneScape Players Wiki:Templates (delist)}} under Featured articles > Featured article delistment nominations
{{Featured article nomination}}
Gold star.png This article has been nominated for featured article status. You can participate in the discussion here.

In order to request this article be featured:

  1. Preloaded featured article discussion
  2. Add {{RuneScape Players Wiki:Featured articles/RuneScape Players Wiki:Templates}} under Featured articles > Featured article nominations
{{Main only}} See Template:Main only/doc

Article management templates

See also: Category:Article management templates
Template Generates
{{Clarify}} [clarification needed]
{{Dead link}} [dead link]
{{Dubious}} [dubious - discuss]
{{Cleanup}}
{{Disputed}}
{{Empty section}}
Wiki letter w.svg This section is empty. Please help by adding to it.
{{Expand section}}
Wiki letter w.svg This section lacks content and requires expansion.
{{Incomplete}}
{{Name issue}}
{{Needs references}}
{{Out of date}}
{{POV}}
{{Stub}}
This article is a stub. You can help the RuneScape Players Wiki by expanding it.
{{Too long}}
{{Trivia}}
{{Under construction}}
{{Wikify}}

Citation templates

See also: Category:Citation templates
Template Description
{{Citation needed}} Used to identify questionable claims in articles that lack a citation to a reliable source
{{Cite book}} Used to cite book sources
{{Cite news}} Used to cite news sources
{{Cite video}} Used to cite video sources
{{Cite web}} Used to cite web sources
{{Reflist}} Used to create a reference list in small font for an article

Infobox templates

See also: Category:Infobox templates
Template Description
{{Infobox}} Used to create an infobox with optional labels
{{Infobox Jagex Moderator}} Used to create an infobox for articles regarding Jagex Moderators
{{Infobox player}} Used to create an infobox for articles regarding players

Link templates

See also: Category:Link templates
Template Generates
{{Clickpic}} See Template:Clickpic/doc
{{Shortcut}}
{{User info}} [[User:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]] [[User talk:{{{1}}}|Talk]] • [[Special:Contributions/{{{1}}}|Contribs]] • [[Special:Editcount/{{{1}}}|Edit count]]
{{Facebook}} Templates on Facebook
{{Log}} Templates on RuneMetrics
{{Old School hiscores}} Templates on the Old School RuneScape hiscores
{{RuneTrack}} Templates on RuneTrack.com
{{RuneTracker}} Templates on RuneTracker.org
{{Crystal Math Labs}} Templates on Crystal Math Labs
{{Score}} Templates on the RuneScape hiscores
{{Twitch}} Templates on Twitch
{{Twitter}} Templates on Twitter
{{YouTube}} Templates on YouTube

Navigational templates

See also: Category:Navigational templates
Template Description
{{Navbox}} Used to create a navigational box
{{Tnavbar}} Adds navigational functionality to templates

Maintenance templates

See also: Category:Maintenance templates
Template Generates
{{Merge from}}
Merge proposal It has been suggested that [[:{{{1}}}]] be merged into this page or section. (Discuss)
{{Merge to}}
Merge proposal It has been suggested that this page or section be merged into [[:{{{1}}}]]. (Discuss)
{{Move}}
{{Requested split}}
Merge proposal It has been suggested that this page or section be split into multiple pages. (Discuss)
{{Unsigned}} —The preceding unsigned comment was added by [[User:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]] ([[User talk:{{{1}}}|talk]] [[Special:Contributions/{{{1}}}|contribs]])

Deletion templates

See also: Category:Deletion templates
Template Generates
{{subst:Rfd}}
{{subst:Proposed deletion}}
{{subst:CSDdelay}}
{{subst:Speedy delete}}

Header templates

See also: Category:Header templates
Template Generates
{{Nutshell}}
Nutshell.png This page in a nutshell: {{{1}}}
{{Talk header}}

This is the talk page for discussing the RuneScape Players Wiki:Templates page.

{{Distinguish}}
Not to be confused with [[:{{{1}}}]].
{{Main}}
Main page: [[{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]]
{{Other uses}}
For other uses, see Templates (disambiguation).
{{Redirect}}
"{{{1}}}" redirects here. For other uses, see Templates (disambiguation).
{{Redirect-distinguish}}
"{{{1}}}" redirects here. It is not to be confused with [[:{{{2}}}]].
{{See also}}
See also: Error: You must specify a page name when using Template:See also.

Copyright templates

See also: Category:Copyright templates
Template Generates
{{Content from}}
This page uses content from [SITEURL SITENAME]. As with the RuneScape Players Wiki, the text of SITENAME is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License 3.0.
{{RuneScape Wiki}}
RuneScape Wiki logo.png This page uses content from the RuneScape Wiki. The original page was at [[runescape:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]]. The list of authors can be seen in the [{{FULLURL:runescape:{{{1}}}|action=history}} page history]. As with the RuneScape Players Wiki, the text of the RuneScape Wiki is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License 3.0.
(See also: {{RuneScape Wiki-deleted}})
{{Wikipedia}}
Wikipedia logo.svg This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at [[wikipedia:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]]. The list of authors can be seen in the [{{localurl:wikipedia:{{{1}}}|action=history}} page history]. As with the RuneScape Players Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License 3.0.
(See also: {{Wikipedia-deleted}})
{{Cc-by-sa}}
90px-CC_some_rights_reserved.svg.png
24px-Cc-by_new_white.svg.png 24px-Cc-sa_white.svg.png
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 1.0 License.
(See also: {{Cc-by-sa-2.0}}, {{Cc-by-sa-2.5}}, {{Cc-by-sa-3.0}})
{{Fair use}}
Non-free media information and use rationale
Description
Source
Article(s)
Purpose of use
{{Free license}}

This file is licensed under a free license.

{{GFDL}}

The GNU logo This file is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.

{{Own work}}

This file was uploaded by the photographer or author.

{{Permission}}

This file is copyrighted. However, the copyright holder has given permission for its use.

Title templates

See also: Category:Title templates

These are templates that place content at the top of an article, above or just below an article's title.

Template Description
{{Featured article}} Specifies that the article it is used in is featured
{{Featured image}} Specifies that the image it is used in is featured
{{Title}} Changes the way a title is displayed (it cannot, however, be used to change the title of a page)
{{Top left}} Forces text to the top left of a page (see also: {{Top right}})

Notice and warning templates

See also: Category:Notice and warning templates

See the documentation pages for the respective pages to learn more about these templates (e.g., ways to customize the templates). The level 1 warning templates (the templates that end with "1") should be used as an initial warning to users. The level 2 warning templates (those that end with "2") should be used as a second or final warning for users.

Template Generates
{{subst:Award}}
Hello, Templates. Due to your outstanding contributions, I have given you an award.
{{Closure}}
Requested closure A user has requested closure of RuneScape Players Wiki:Templates.
{{Edit conflict}} (edit conflict)
{{Talk back|Example}}
Hello, Templates. You have new messages at Example's talk page.
You can remove this notice at any time by removing the {{Talk back}} or {{Tb}} template.
{{subst:Thank you}}

Thank you!

Thank you!

Hello, and thank you for taking an interest in our wiki! We would like to suggest you create an account.

If you do so, you will have the ability to move pages and upload pictures, and be able to edit some protected pages after being here for four or more days.

If you need help, you can leave a message at the talk page associated with each article, my talk page, or any other editor's talk page. Again, thank you!

{{subst:Welcome}}

Welcome!

Welcome!

Hello, Templates, and welcome to the RuneScape Players Wiki! I hope you like the place and decide to stay. Here are some pages you may find helpful:

I hope you enjoy it here! If you need help, you can leave a message at the talk page associated with each article, or any editor's talk page. Again, welcome!

{{Unblock}}

Information Templates has appealed his or her block. Administrators: Please see the reason for the appeal and make a decision. Note that blocks issued by community consensus must be removed by consensus as well and that the blocked user reserves the right to have comments copied onto any discussion relevant to the block.

{{subst:Block}}

You have been blocked

You have been blocked from editing Hello. You have been blocked from editing on the RuneScape Players Wiki. Additional details, including the reason for the block and block duration, may be found in your block log. To appeal, add {{Unblock}}, and then give a reason why you should be unblocked if possible.

{{subst:3RR}}

Edit warring

Information icon.png Your edit history indicates that you are close to breaking the three-revert rule, or have already broken it. An editor must not make more than three reverts, whether in part or whole, on a page within a period of 24 hours. Violating this rule may lead to a block. To avoid being blocked, consider using the article's talk page to discuss changes you want to make, and work towards a version that represents consensus.

{{subst:Copyright1}}

Insertion of copyrighted material

Information icon.png One of your recent additions appears to have added copyrighted material without the permission of the author, and has been reverted or removed. The RuneScape Players Wiki does not allow copyrighted material in articles for legal reasons. Repeated additions of this type of material will result in a block from editing.

{{subst:Copyright2}} Brown stop sign.svg Please stop adding copyrighted material without the permission of the author. If you continue this behaviour, you will be blocked from editing.
{{subst:DEU}}

Don't edit user pages

Information icon.png Please do not edit other users' user pages on the RuneScape Players Wiki, as per this policy. However, there are a few exceptions:

  • Removal of obscene or cruel content
  • Removal of uncivil remarks against another user
  • You are given permission to edit the page by the author
  • To revert vandalism

Thank you.

{{subst:Error1}}

Inaccurate addition(s)

Information icon.png Thank you for contributing to the RuneScape Players Wiki. However, you appear to have added inaccurate information, and the edit has been reverted or corrected. If you believe the information you added was correct, please verify it via reliable sources or discuss the changes on the article's talk page. Thank you.

{{subst:Error2}} Information icon.png Please refrain from introducing incorrect information into articles. Your edits appear to be unconstructive and have been reverted. If you believe the information you added was correct, please verify it or discuss the changes on the article's talk page before making them again. Thank you.
{{subst:File names}}

Uploading files with non-descriptive titles

Information icon.png Thank you for contributing to the RuneScape Players Wiki. However, one of your recent file uploads has a non-descriptive title. Please read the images and media policy or leave a message on my talk page if you need any help.

{{subst:Personal attacks}}

Personal attacks against others

Information icon.png Hello. Please do not make personal attacks against other editors on the wiki. Such behaviour is considered unacceptable, and if you continue it, you will be blocked from editing the RuneScape Players Wiki.

{{subst:POV1}}

Neutral point of view

Information icon.pngHello. One of the core policies of RuneScape Players Wiki is that articles should always be written from a neutral point of view. A contribution you made appeared too biased toward a point of view, and your edit may have been changed or reverted to correct the problem. Please be sure to follow our policy on viewpoints and commentary in the future. Thank you.

{{subst:POV2}} Information icon.pngPlease refrain from adding commentary or your opinions to RuneScape Players Wiki articles. Your edits do not appear to be constructive and have been reverted. Please read and abide by the policy on viewpoints and commentary. Thank you.
{{subst:Test edit1}}

Your test edit

Information icon.png Thank you for experimenting with the RuneScape Players Wiki. Your test worked, and it has been reverted or removed. Please use the sandbox for any other tests you want to do. Thank you.

{{subst:Test edit2}} Information icon.png  Please refrain from making test edits in RuneScape Players Wiki pages, even if you intend to fix them later. Your edits do not appear to be constructive and have been reverted. If you would like to experiment again, please use the sandbox. Thank you.
{{subst:Vandalism1}}

Possible vandalism

Information icon.png Hello. One of your recent contributions has been reverted because it appeared to constitute vandalism. Please do not vandalise RuneScape Players Wiki pages. If you think this was a mistake, or if you have any questions, you can leave me a message on my talk page.

{{subst:Vandalism2}} Brown stop sign.svg Please stop your disruptive editing. If you continue to vandalise the RuneScape Players Wiki, you will be blocked from editing.
{{subst:Disruptive1}}

Your recent edit(s)

Information icon.png Welcome to the RuneScape Players Wiki. At least one of your recent edits did not appear to be constructive and has been reverted or removed. Although everyone is welcome to contribute to the RuneScape Players Wiki, please take some time to familiarise yourself with our policies and guidelines. Thank you.

{{subst:Disruptive2}} Brown stop sign.svg Please stop your disruptive editing. Your edits have been reverted or removed. Do not continue to make edits that appear disruptive until the problem is resolved through consensus. Continuing to edit disruptively may result in you being blocked from editing.
{{subst:CSD-notify}}

Speedy deletion of [[:{{{1}}}]]

Information icon.png Hello. One of the articles you created or significantly contributed to, [[:{{{1}}}]], has been proposed for speedy deletion. The speedy deletion notice in the page should explain why. If you disagree with the deletion, do not remove the template, but leave a response on the talk page explaining why you disagree with the deletion request. Thank you.

{{subst:Delete-notify}}

Deletion discussion of [[:{{{1}}}]]

Information icon.png Hello. One of the articles you created or significantly contributed to, [[:{{{1}}}]], is undergoing a deletion discussion, meaning members of the community are discussing whether the page should be deleted. You can discuss the deletion at the [[RuneScape Players Wiki:Requests for deletion/{{{1}}}|page's entry]]. Thanks.

{{subst:PROD-notify}}

Proposed deletion of [[:{{{1}}}]]

Information icon.png Hello. One of the articles you created or significantly contributed to, [[:{{{1}}}]], has been proposed for deletion. The proposed deletion notice in the article should explain why. If you disagree with the deletion, you can remove the notice from the article, but please include an edit summary explaining why.

{{Retired}}
RETIRED

This user is inactive on the RuneScape Players Wiki.
{{Semi-retired}}
SEMI-RETIRED

This user is not very active on the RuneScape Players Wiki.
{{Wikibreak}}
Sunset.jpg

Templates is taking a short wikibreak and will be back soon.

{{subst:AWB granted}}

AutoWikiBrowser permission granted

You have been granted permission to use AutoWikiBrowser (AWB) on this wiki. When using this software, be sure to follow the rules of use. If you need any help using the AWB software, you can leave me a message.

{{subst:RfA success}}

Request for adminship

Congratulations Templates! You have passed a successful request to become an administrator. This means you now have the ability to block and unblock users, delete and undelete pages, and protect and unprotect pages from editing, as well as several other tools detailed here. If you need any help using any of the tools, you can leave me a message. Again, congratulations!

{{subst:RfB success}}

Request for bureaucrat

Congratulations Templates! You have passed a successful request to become an bureaucrat. This means you now have the ability to add or remove users from the rollback, custodian, administrator and bot group, as well as add people to the bureaucrat group. If you need any help using any of the tools, you can leave a message on my talk page. Again, congratulations!

{{subst:Rollback granted}}

Rollback granted

You have been granted the rollback permission. This means you now have the ability to revert all of the edits by one user on a page to the last edit by a different user in one click. Please remember only to use this tool to revert obvious vandalism or your own edits. If you need any help using the rollback tool, you can leave a message on my talk page.

User namespace templates

See also: Category:User namespace templates
Template Generates
{{Article}}
This user has an article about themselves located at [[:{{{1}}}]].
{{Skills}}
Skill Level Experience
Total level Unknown edit Unknown edit
Attack Unknown edit Unknown edit
Defence Unknown edit Unknown edit
Strength Unknown edit Unknown edit
Constitution Unknown edit Unknown edit
Ranged Unknown edit Unknown edit
Prayer Unknown edit Unknown edit
Magic Unknown edit Unknown edit
Cooking Unknown edit Unknown edit
Woodcutting Unknown edit Unknown edit
Fletching Unknown edit Unknown edit
Fishing Unknown edit Unknown edit
Firemaking Unknown edit Unknown edit
Crafting Unknown edit Unknown edit
Smithing Unknown edit Unknown edit
Mining Unknown edit Unknown edit
Herblore Unknown edit Unknown edit
Agility Unknown edit Unknown edit
Thieving Unknown edit Unknown edit
Slayer Unknown edit Unknown edit
Farming Unknown edit Unknown edit
Runecrafting Unknown edit Unknown edit
Hunter Unknown edit Unknown edit
Construction Unknown edit Unknown edit
Summoning Unknown edit Unknown edit
Dungeoneering Unknown edit Unknown edit
Divination Unknown edit Unknown edit
As of {{{date}}}
{{Skills-noXP}}
Skill Level
Total level Unknown edit
Attack Unknown edit
Defence Unknown edit
Strength Unknown edit
Constitution Unknown edit
Ranged Unknown edit
Prayer Unknown edit
Magic Unknown edit
Cooking Unknown edit
Woodcutting Unknown edit
Fletching Unknown edit
Fishing Unknown edit
Firemaking Unknown edit
Crafting Unknown edit
Smithing Unknown edit
Mining Unknown edit
Herblore Unknown edit
Agility Unknown edit
Thieving Unknown edit
Slayer Unknown edit
Farming Unknown edit
Runecrafting Unknown edit
Hunter Unknown edit
Construction Unknown edit
Summoning Unknown edit
Dungeoneering Unknown edit
Divination Unknown edit
As of {{{date}}}
{{Skills-withrank}}
Skill Level Experience Rank
Total level Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Attack Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Defence Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Strength Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Constitution Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Ranged Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Prayer Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Magic Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Cooking Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Woodcutting Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Fletching Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Fishing Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Firemaking Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Crafting Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Smithing Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Mining Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Herblore Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Agility Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Thieving Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Slayer Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Farming Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Runecrafting Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Hunter Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Construction Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Summoning Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Dungeoneering Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
Divination Unknown edit Unknown edit Unknown edit
As of {{{date}}}

Userboxes

See also: Category:Userbox templates

A userbox is a small box that is used in the user namespace to communicate messages to other users.

Template Generates
{{Babel}}
en-N This user is a native speaker of English.
{{Userbox/Activity}}
Person running.png This user is active on the RuneScape Players Wiki.
{{Userbox/Administrator}}
This user is a RuneScape Players Wiki administrator. This user is a RuneScape Players Wiki administrator (verify).
{{Userbox/Bureaucrat}}
This user is a RuneScape Players Wiki bureaucrat. This user is a RuneScape Players Wiki bureaucrat (verify).
{{Userbox/Contributor}}
This user actively helps contribute to RuneScape Players Wiki articles. This user actively helps contribute to RuneScape Players Wiki articles.
{{Userbox/Featured articles}}
Gold star.png This user has significantly contributed to or created several featured articles.
{{Userbox/IGN}}
This user plays RuneScape.
{{Userbox/Made articles}}
Pencil.png This user has created several articles on the RuneScape Players Wiki.
{{Userbox/Recent changes patroller}}
This user is a recent changes patroller. This user is a recent changes patroller.
{{Userbox/Rollbacker}}
This user is a RuneScape Players Wiki rollbacker. This user is a RuneScape Players Wiki rollbacker.
{{Userboxes}}
Userboxes
(See also: {{Userboxes end}})

Category namespace templates

See also: Category:Category namespace templates
Template Generates
{{Cat main}}
The main article for this category is Templates.
{{Category}} To add an article, image, or category to this category, append [[RuneScape Players Wiki:Templates]] to the end of its page.
{{Image category}}

How to add your own image

  • To upload images, go to Special:Upload.
  • When uploading them, please add a description and category in the summary box.
  • To add an image to this category, put [[RuneScape Players Wiki:Templates]] in that image article.
  • Add the image to a page by using the code [[File:File name.png]].
{{Large category TOC}}

Contents: Top - 0-9 - A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

{{Template category}}

Using this category

To put a template in RuneScape Players Wiki:Templates:

  • Use <includeonly>[[Category:Templates|{{PAGENAME}}]]</includeonly> on the template documentation (/doc) page.
  • Remember that a template can be put in multiple categories if it belongs to them all!
  • Or, if this is not quite the right category, go back to Category:Templates and try to find a better suited subcategory.

Where you may find more templates

  • Wikia Templates
  • Wikipedia; may be copied with the proper acknowledgment, but some need tweaking to work properly on Wikia, so use a Wikia one if possible.


Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.